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2020年何凱文四六級考前臨門一腳講義

頭像文都考研

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時間2020-09-17 09:47:47

2020年英語四六級考試就快要開始了,同學們都已經進入了緊張的復習狀態,每年兩次的四六級考試都牽動著幾百萬大學學子的心,文都教育英語名師何凱文老師四六級“臨門一腳”課程每次考前也十分受歡迎。以下就是此次“2020 年何凱文四六級考前臨門一腳講義”的原文,大家一起來看看吧。

9月何凱文臨門一腳視頻講義、9月四六級模擬預測卷、四六級作文終極模板、四六級歷年真題(含7月試題)。四六級通關資料

2020年 9月大學英語四六級考前提分班輔導講義

主講人:何凱文

四六級試卷結構圖(source: 大學英語四六級考試委員會)

四級:

試卷結構 測試內容 測試題型 題目數量 分值比例 考試時間
寫作 寫作 短文寫作 1 15% 30 分鐘


聽力理解
短篇新聞 選擇題(單選題) 7 7%

25 分鐘
  長對話 選擇題(單選題) 8 8%  
  聽力篇章 選擇題(單選題) 10 20%  


閱讀理解
詞匯理解 選詞填空 10 5%

40 分鐘
  長篇閱讀 匹配 10 10%  
  仔細閱讀 選擇題(單選題) 10 20%  
翻譯 漢譯英 段落翻譯 1 15% 30 分鐘
總計 57 100% 125 分鐘

六級:

試卷結構 測試內容 測試題型 題目數量 分值比例 考試時間
寫作 寫作 短文寫作 1 15% 30 分鐘


聽力理解
長對話 選擇題(單選題) 8 8%

30 分鐘
  聽力篇章 選擇題(單選題) 7 7%  
  講話/報道/講座 選擇題(單選題) 10 20%  


閱讀理解
詞匯理解 選詞填空 10 5%

40 分鐘
  長篇閱讀 匹配 10 10%  
  仔細閱讀 選擇題(單選題) 10 20%  
翻譯 漢譯英 段落翻譯 1 15% 30 分鐘
總計 57 100% 130 分鐘

一、Listening Comprehension: (聽力理解)

非常管用的原則:視聽一致原則!

Questions 1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.

1. A) Christmas-time attacks made by Somali rebels.

B) An explosion at a bus station in central Nairobi.

C) The killing of more than 70 Ugandans in Kampala.

D) Blasts set off by a Somali group in Uganda’s capital

2. A) On Christmas Eve. C) During a security check.

A) Just before midnight. D) In the small hours of the morning.

Now listen to the following Lecture recording and answer questions 16 to 18.

16.

A) It seriously impacts their physical and mental development.

B) It has become a problem affecting global economic growth.

C) It is a common problem found in underdeveloped countries.

D) It is an issue often overlooked by parents in many countries.

17. A) They will live longer. C) They get along well with people.

B) They get better pay. D) They develop much higher IQs.

18. A) Appropriated funds to promote research of nutrient-rich foods.

B) Encouraged breastfeeding for the first six months of a child’s life.

C) Recruited volunteers to teach rural people about health and nutrition.

D) Targeted hunger-relief programs at pregnant women and young children.

Long conversation:

1. [A] To go sightseeing. [B] To have meetings.

[C] To promote a new champagne. [D] To join in a training program.

2.[A] Data collection. [B] Training consultancy.

[C] Corporate management. [D] Information processing.

Passage:

1. A) Michael’s parents got divorced. B) Karen was adopted by Ray Anderson.

C) Karen’s mother died in a car accident. D) A truck driver lost his life in a collision.

2. A)At a local club. C) At the sports center

B)At Joe’s house D) At the bearing school.

3A) It poses a challenge to seniors. B) It saves both time and money.

C) It is childish and unprofessional. D) It is cool and convenient.

練習方法:

看著正確選項!聽!確定自己聽到了正確選項!

16. A) They investigate the retirement homes in America.

B) They are on issues facing senior citizens in America.

C) They describe the great pleasures of the golden years.

D) They are filled with fond memories of his grandparents.

17. A) The loss of the ability to take care of himself.

B) The feeling of not being important any more.

C) Being unable to find a good retirement home.

D) Leaving the home he had lived in for 60 years.

18. A) The loss of identity and self-worth.

B) Fear of being replaced or discarded.

C) Freedom from pressure and worldly cares.

D) The possession of wealth and high respect.

19. A) The urgency of pension reform.

B) Medical care for senior citizens.

C) Finding meaningful roles for the elderly in society.

D) The development of public facilities for senior citizens.

最后的救贖:主題為王的盲猜!

Questions 5 to 7 are based on the news report you have just heard.

5. A) Inability to implement their business plans.

B) Inability to keep turning out novel products.

C) Lack of a successful business model of their own.

D) Failure to integrate innovation into their business.

6. A) It is the secret to business success.

B) It is the creation of something new.

C) It is a magic tool to bring big rewards.

D) It is an essential part of business culture.

7. A) Its hardworking employees.

B) Its flexible promotion strategy.

C) Its innovation culture.

Questions 3 to 4 are based on the news report you have just heard.

3. A) How college students can improve their sleep habits.

B) Why sufficient sleep is important for college students.

C) Why college students are more likely to have stress problems.

D) How college students can handle their psychological problems.

4. A) It is not easy to improve one’s sleep habits.

B)It is not good for students to play video games.

B) Students who are better prepared generally get higher scores in examinations.

D) Making last-minute preparations for tests may be less effective than sleeping

2020年 9月四六級作文話題:

1. 堅持和合作的重要性

2. 環境保護的重要性和影響(垃圾分類)

3. 如何理性的選擇

4. 積極和樂觀對成功的影響

5. 現代科技(人工智能)對生活的影響

6. 社會公德的重要性

(四級注意招聘啟事:Recruitment notice;介紹一個景點; )

語料積累:

1. 提升:

2. 加強鞏固:

3. 培養和珍惜:

4. topic 很重要:

2020 年 9月四六級必背十句話: 個人話題:

1. Young people should be encouraged to broaden their horizons with more activities to embrace this world, which is the best way for them to get a clear perspective of what they are hoping to do with their lives and why. Students with such a perspective are usually the most efficient and motivated ones who can gain competitive edge in the future career.

年輕人應該多和這個社會接觸拓寬他們的視野,這樣可以清楚的知道他們想要的是什么以及為什么。有這樣視野的學生常常是效率最高的也是最積極的,在未來的職業中也會獲得競爭的優勢。

替換句一:

Young people should be encouraged to broaden their horizons with reading more books of great value, which is the best way for them to get a clear perspective of this world. Students with such a perspective are usually the most efficient and motivated ones who can gain competitive edge in the future career. (閱讀的習慣) 替換句二:

Young people should be encouraged to think different and acquire the ability to defend their own ideas, which is the best way to get a full understanding of this world. Students with such capability are usually the most creative and motivated ones who can gain competitive edge in the near future. (替換句)

2. The cultivation of teamwork spirit and cooperative ability was, is and remains to be an integral part in achieving one's personal accomplishment.

團隊協作能力的合作精神的培養對于實現個人成就而言,過去是,現在,而且一直都會是重要因素。

The cultivation of decent behavior norms was, is and remains to be an indispensable part in fulfilling one’ s personal success. (替換句)

3. Life skills are very important and by doing voluntary work, students can learn how to communicate with others and work in a team but also to manage their time and improve their organizational skills.

生活的技能非常重要,通過參加志愿者工作,學生就能學會如何與他人溝通,如何成為團隊的一員, 同時學會如果管理時間,并提高自己的組織技能。

The ability of setting clear aim is usually counted as one of the essential factors contributing to success.

設定清晰的目標通常被認為是促進成功的必要因素。

The ability to seize the opportunity is usually counted as one of the essential factors /contributing to success.

抓住機會的能力通常被認為是促進成功的必要因素。

4. The skill to balance study and work contributes directly to enhancing our academic performance, job hunting and promotion in a system.

平衡學習和工作關系的技能直接有利于我們的學習,求職以及以后的升職。

The good family education contributes directly to one’s academic improvement/ with the good learning habit and one’s career success/ with the good communication skills.

良好的家庭教育將因為好的學習習慣而有利于學習,因為好的溝通技能而有利于事業。

5. The social practice will provide us with more opportunities to develop our interpersonal communication

skills, which may put us in a favorable position in the job market.

社會實踐能提供給我們更多的機會來培養人際溝通技能,這樣使我們在未來的職場上處于有利的位置。

The ability to make the right choice at the right moment will provide us with the possibility to save more time and energy, which may put us in a favorable position in the job market.

在正確的時刻做出正確選擇的能力,能給我們節約時間和精力的可能性,這樣使我們在未來的職場上處于有利的位置。

社會話題:

1. Over the decade the pace of change in people’s life has increased beyond our wildest expectations. Among the breakthroughs driving changes is the wide use of smart devices, (the artificial intelligence) which makes online shopping or online learning possible and more convenient.

在過去十年間,人們生活改變的步伐之快超越了我們最狂野的想象。在推動這些改變的突破中包括智能設備的廣泛使用,這使得網絡學習和購物成為可能并變得更方便。

2. With the government’s will and public awareness, corresponding effective measures could really reduce the amount of rubbish we produce. Certainly nobody wants to see our resources used up and our planet poisoned by waste.

有了政府的決心和公眾的意識,相應的有效的措施就真的能減少我們制造的垃圾。確實,沒有人希望看到我們的資源被耗盡我們的地球被廢棄物污染。

With the government’s will and public awareness, corresponding effective measures could really curb the worrying and even terrifying problem of haze. Certainly nobody wants to see our beautiful homeland destroyed and our children’s health threatened by smog.

環境,霧霾,垃圾污染,水污染,資源浪費

3. In my opinion, focusing on sports facilities is too narrow an approach and would not have the desired results. Youngsters should be encouraged not only to be more physically active but also to adopt a healthier lifestyle. 在我看來,僅僅關注運動設施是很有限的解決手段而且也不可能得到全部想要的結果。

年輕人不僅應該多鍛煉而且應該采取更健康的生活方式。

替換句:

In my opinion, the simple limit of car-driving is too narrow an approach and would not have the desired results. Environmental preservation should be enhanced not only with concrete do or do not list but also with the promotion of people’s awareness.

4. However, these issues can be addressed strategically within the proper policy adopted.

但是,只要措施得當,這些問題還是會很好地解決的。

Long-term traffic and pollution reductions would depend on educating the public to use public transport more, and on (governments using public money to construct and run efficient systems.)

要想長期解決污染問題就需要教育公眾多使用公共交通,多用公共資金來建設并運營高效的系統。

The shared bicycle and other form of shared economy are the possible solutions to the current sorry state of affairs.

共享單車或者其他的共享經濟形式是解決當前遺憾現狀的可能辦法。

5. We must avoid overindulgence and conspicuous consumption. We must instead continue to recognize the benefits of thrift in order to protect our newfound prosperity.

我們必須避免過分放縱和鋪張浪費。相反,我們應該繼續發揚節儉的優點以守護我們新獲得的繁榮。

四.Reading in depth Section B

我們必須知道:十篇文章就能搞定!

閱讀(眼睛輸入)

聽力(耳朵輸入)

是同一緯度的題型!

大家的問題:

缺乏對于正確答案的認知!

練習方法:

先標注出正確答案!

你自己是否能從原文中找到答案的來源處!

例子1 :

原文:The threat of AI can be avoided, if we figure out how to turn human values into a programmable code.

選項:The threat of robots can be avoided if human values are translated into their language

例子 2:

原文: Sadoway isn’t alone in trumpeting energy storage as a missing link to a cleaner, more efficient, and more equitable energy future.

選項: Dr. Sadoway think energy storage is the direction energy development should follow.

例子 3:

原文:“Sugar, alcohol and tobacco,” economist Adam Smith once wrote, “are commodities which are nowhere necessaries of life, which have become objects of almost universal consumption, and which are, therefore, extremely popular subjects of taxation.”

選項:Adam Smith said sugar, alcohol and tobacco were subject to taxation almost everywhere.

除了學會scanning之外!

還需要學習:skimming (確定文章主題)

1. 段落的首末句

2. 轉折處

3. 觀點句

尤其是:當段落的首句是觀點句

當段落的首句帶有轉折的時候

當段落的首句是觀點句還帶有轉折的時候。

We sometimes think humans are uniquely vulnerable to anxiety, but stress seems to affect the immune defenses of lower animals too.

在我們解題時間不夠的時候!

所有題目,只要和主題句的表述一致!

就可以優先成為正確答案!

題目:1. The passage tells us that the most probable reason for the death of the mice in Ader’s experiment was that.

A) they had been weakened psychologically by the saccharin

B) the sweetener was poisonous to them

C)their immune systems had been altered by the mind

D)they had taken too much sweetener during earlier conditioning

A) their immune systems had been altered by the mind

B) they had taken too much sweetener during earlier conditioning

2. It can be concluded from the passage that the immune systems of animals .

A) can be weakened by mind

B) can be suppressed by drug injections

C) can be affected by frequent doses of saccharin

D) can be altered by electric shocks

Eg2.

主題詞:反復出現的名詞 weak dollar

52. Why do Americans feel humiliated?

A.Their economy is plunging

B. Their currency has slumped

C. They can't afford trips to Europe

D. They have lost half of their assets.

53. How does the current dollar affect the life of ordinary Americans?

A.They have to cancel their vacations in New York.

B. They find it unaffordable to dine in mom-and-pop restaurants.

C. They have to spend more money when buying imported goods.

D. They might lose their jobs due to potential economic problems.

54. How do many Europeans feel about the U.S with the devalued dollar? A.They feel contemptuous of it.

B. They are sympathetic with it.

C. They regard it as a superpower on the decline.

D. They think of it as a good tourist destination.

55. what is the author's advice to Americans?

A.They treat the dollar with a little respect

B. They try to win in the weak-dollar gamble

C. They vacation at home rather than abroad

D. They treasure their marriages

Part A 快速閱讀:

Universities Branch Out

A) As never before in their long history, universities have become instruments of national competition as well as instruments of peace. They are the place of the scientific discoveries that move economies forward, and the primary means of educating the talent required to obtain and maintain competitive advantage. But at the same time, the opening of national borders to the flow of goods, services, information and especially people has made universities a powerful force for global integration, mutual understanding and geopolitical stability.

B) In response to the same forces that have driven the world economy, universities have become more self- consciously global: seeking students from around the world who represent the entire range of cultures and values, sending their own students abroad to prepare them for global careers, offering courses of study that address the challenges of an interconnected world and collaborative (合作的) research programs to advance science for the benefit of all humanity.

C) Of the forces shaping higher education none is more sweeping than the movement across borders. Over the past three decades the number of students leaving home each year to study abroad has grown at an annual rate of

3.9 percent, from 800,000 in 1975 to 2.5 million in 2004. Most travel from one developed nation to another, but the flow from developing to developed countries is growing rapidly. The reverse flow, from developed to developing countries, is on the rise, too. Today foreign students earn 30 percent of the doctoral degrees awarded in the United States and 38 percent of those in the United Kingdom. And the number crossing borders for undergraduate study is growing as well, to 8 percent of the undergraduates at America’s best institutions and 10 percent of all undergraduates in the U.K. In the United States, 20 percent of the newly hired professors in science and engineering are foreign-born, and in China many newly hired faculty members at the top research universities received their graduate education abroad.

D) Universities are also encouraging students to spend some of their undergraduate years in another country. In Europe, more than 140,000 students participate in the Erasmus program each year, taking courses for credit in one of 2,200 participating institutions across the continent. And in the United States, institutions are helping place students in summer internships ( 實 習 ) abroad to prepare them for global careers. Yale and Harvard have led the way, offering every undergraduate at least one international study or internship opportunity—and providing the financial resources to make it possible.

E) Globalization is also reshaping the way research is done. One new trend involves sourcing portions of a research program to another country. Yale professor and Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator Tian Xu directs a research center focused on the genetics of human disease at Shanghai’s Fudan University, in collaboration with faculty colleagues from both schools. The Shanghai center has 95 employees and graduate students working in a 4,300-square-meter laboratory facility. Yale faculty, postdoctors and graduate students visit regularly and attend videoconference seminars with scientists from both campuses. The arrangement benefits both countries; Xu’s Yale lab is more productive, thanks to the lower costs of conducting research in China, and Chinese graduate students, postdoctors and faculty get on-the-job training from a world-class scientist and his U.S. team.

F) As a result of its strength in science, the United States has consistently led the world in the commercialization of major new technologies, from the mainframe computer and the integrated circuit of the 1960s to the Internet infrastructure ( 基 礎 設 施 ) and applications software of the 1990s. The link between university-based science

and industrial application is often indirect but sometimes highly visible: Silicon Valley was intentionally created by Stanford University, and Route 128 outside Boston has long housed companies spun off from MIT and Harvard. Around the world, governments have encouraged copying of this model, perhaps most successfully in Cambridge, England, where Microsoft and scores of other leading software and biotechnology companies have set up shop around the university.

G) For all its success, the United States remains deeply hesitant about sustaining the research-university model. Most politicians recognize the link between investment in science and national economic strength, but support for research funding has been unsteady. The budget of the National Institutes of Health doubled between 1998 and 2003, but has risen more slowly than inflation since then. Support for the physical sciences and engineering barely kept pace with inflation during that same period. The attempt to make up lost ground is welcome, but the nation would be better served by steady, predictable increases in science funding at the rate of long-term GDP growth, which is on the order of inflation plus 3 percent per year.

H) American politicians have great difficulty recognizing that admitting more foreign students can greatly promote the national interest by increasing international understanding. Adjusted for inflation, public funding for international exchanges and foreign-language study is well below the levels of 40 years ago. In the wake of September 11, changes in the visa process caused a dramatic decline in the number of foreign students seeking admission to U.S. universities, and a corresponding surge in enrollments in Australia, Singapore and the U.K. Objections from American university and business leaders led to improvements in the process and a reversal of the decline, but the United States is still seen by many as unwelcoming to international students.

I) Most Americans recognize that universities contribute to the nation’s well-being through their scientific research, but many fear that foreign students threaten American competitiveness by taking their knowledge and skills back home. They fail to grasp that welcoming foreign students to the United States has two important positive effects: first, the very best of them stay in the States and—like immigrants throughout history—strengthen the nation; and second, foreign students who study in the United States become ambassadors for many of its most cherished ( 珍 視 ) values when they return home. Or at least they understand them better. In America as elsewhere, few instruments of foreign policy are as effective in promoting peace and stability as welcoming international university students.

注意:此部分試題請在答題卡 2 上作答。

先看題干再看原文!

先易后難!

一個段落對應一個題!

46. American universities prepare their undergraduates for global careers by giving them chances for international study or internship.

47. Since the mid-1970s, the enrollment of overseas students has increased at an annual rate of 3.9 percent.

48. The enrollment of international students will have a positive impact on America rather than threaten its competitiveness.

49. The way research is carried out in universities has changed as a result of globalization.

50. Of the newly hired professors in science and engineering in the United States, twenty percent come from foreign countries.

51. The number of foreign students applying to U.S. universities decreased sharply after September 11 due to changes in the visa process.

52. The U.S. federal funding for research has been unsteady for years.

53. Around the world, governments encourage the model of linking university-based science and industrial application.

54. Present-day universities have become a powerful force for global integration.

55.When foreign students leave America, they will bring American values back to their home countries.

不要忘了福利,享受這份小確幸: 第一篇:

52. What do some most influential medical groups recommend doctors do?

A) Reflect on the responsibilities they are supposed to take.

B) Pay more attention to the effectiveness of their treatments.

C) Take costs into account when making treatment decisions.

D) Readjust their practice in view of the cuts in health care.

53. What were doctors mainly concerned about in the past?

A) Specific medicines to be used. C) Professional advancement.

B) Effects of medical treatment. D) Patients' trust.

59. What risk do doctors see in their dual role as patient care providers and financial overseers?

A) They may be involved in a conflict of interest.

B) They may be forced to divide their attention.

C) They may have to use less effective drugs.

D) They may lose the respect of patients.

61. What is Arum and Roksa’s finding about higher education in America?

A) It aims at stimulating the intellectual curiosity of college students.

B) It fails to prepare students to face the challenges of modem times.

C) It has experienced dramatic changes in recent years.

D) It has tried hard to satisfy students’ various needs.

62. What is responsible for the students’ lack of higher-level skills in modern times?

A) The diluted college curriculum.

B) The boring classroom activities.

C) The absence of rigorous discipline.

D) The outdated educational approach.

見微博:何凱文

Part IV Translation (30 minutes) Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to translate a passage from Chinese into English. You should write your answer on Answer Sheet 2.

在中國文化中,紅色通常象征著好運、長壽和幸福,在春節和其他喜慶場合,紅色到處可見。人們把

現金作為禮物送給家人或親密朋友時,通常放在紅信封里。紅色在中國流行的另一個原因是人們把它與中國革命和共產黨相聯系。然而,紅色并不總是代表好運與快樂。因為從前死者的名字常用紅色書寫,用紅墨水寫中國人名被看成是一種冒犯行為。

Part IV Translation

In Chinese culture, red usually symbolizes good luck, longevity and happiness. In Spring Festival and other festive occasions, red can be seen everywhere. When people give cash as gifts to family members or close friends, they usually put it in red envelopes. Another reason why red is popular in China is that people associate it with the Chinese revolution and the Communist Party. However, red does not always represent good luck and happiness. Because the names of the deceased used to be written in red, it was considered offensive to write Chinese names in red ink.

Part IV Translation (30 minutes) Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to translate a passage from Chinese into English. You should write your answer on Answer Sheet 2.

黃海:

黃海是世界上最大的淺海地區之一,平均深度為44米,最大深度為152米,其名字源于黃河的黃色沙。由于冬季和夏季季風的影響,海洋的氣候波動不定。夏季有暖流,而冬季海水變得非常冷,可能導致內海的一部分結冰。黃海是中國北方經濟最發達的地區之一,擁有沿海農業、海上貿易、交通和漁業。作為生態保護計劃的一部分,世界自然基金會(WWF) 選擇了黃海作為“沿海杰出的海洋生態系統范例”

Part IV Translation

Named for the yellowish sand – which originates from the Yellow River – that colours its water, the Yellow Sea is one of the largest shallow areas of continental shelf in the world with an average depth of 44 metres and a maximum depth of 152 metres.

The climate of the sea fluctuates due to winter and summer Monsoon conditions. In the summer warm currents are present, while the water becomes very cold in winter and can cause parts of the inner sea to freeze over.

The Yellow Sea is one of the most developed economic areas in North China with coastal farming, maritime trade and traffic and fisheries. As part of its Ecoregion conservation programme WWF selected the Yellow Sea as an ‘outstanding example of coastal marine ecosystems.’

Part IV Translation (30 minutes) Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to translate a passage from Chinese into English. You should write your answer on Answer Sheet 2.

蘇州是一個具有悠久絲綢文化歷史的城市。它有栽桑、養蠶、繅絲和織造的傳統。蘇州的絲綢是皇家貢品,早在唐宋時期就在世界范圍內享有盛名。蘇州市有自然優勢,日照充足,雨量充沛,土壤肥沃,這些給蠶繭的高產和絲的高質量提供了合適的環境。它一直是中國絲綢原料的主要產地和集散中心。

Part IV Translation

Suzhou is a city with a long history of silk culture. It has a tradition of mulberry planting, sericulture, silk reeling and weaving. Suzhou’s silk was an imperial tribute and gained a worldwide reputation from as early as the Tang and Song dynasties. Suzhou city also abounds in natural gifts, abundant sunshine, plentiful rainfall and rich soils, which offer a pleasant environment for high yield of cocoons and high qualities of silk. It has been the main producing area and distributing center of raw silk materials in China.

2019 年 12 月翻譯中一定會用到的表達:

1. Sth gradually developed a style which featured …

某物形成了以…為特色的風格;

2. Sth can be classified into several categories:…

某物可以被分為以下幾類;

3. One Belt and One Road Initiative

一帶一路倡議

4. China has made great headway in narrowing the gap among different social classes.

中國在縮小不同社會階層間的差距方面也在努力。

5. The core of “harmonious society” is “human-centered,” which means the improvement of people’s livelihood.

和諧社會的核心是以人為本,這就意味著要促民生。

6. We not only aspire to build China into a prosperous, strong and modern socialist country, but also into a democratic, culturally advanced and harmonious one.

我們不只是希望把中國建設為現代,繁榮和富強的社會主義國家,而且使中國成為文化先進的,民主的和和諧的國家。

7. During the long course of history, the Chinese people have, working with diligence, bravery and wisdom, created a beautiful homeland where all ethnic groups live in harmony, and developed a great and dynamic culture

在漫長的歷史進程中,中國人民依靠自己的勤勞、勇敢、智慧,開創了民族和睦共處的美好家園,培育了歷久彌新的優秀文化。

8. Chinese nation has made an indelible contribution to the progress of human civilization.

中華民族為人類的文明進步作出了不可磨滅的貢獻。

9. Sth has become one of the most popular …

…成為了最受歡迎的…之一

Sth has been regarded as one of …

…被認為是…之一

10. We can see…, enjoy…and learn of the legend and anecdotes about…

我們能看到…享受到…而且了解到關于…的傳奇和軼事。

11. Sth is a combination of …, dating back to…

某物是…的結合,其起源可以追溯到…

12. policy coordination, facilities connectivity, unimpeded trade, financial integration, and people-to-people bonds as the five major goals.

政策溝通、設施聯通、貿易暢通、資金融通、民心相通

13. Sth,with a history of… years and a number of …branches/ styles , is an important part of Chinese traditional culture.

… 已有..年的歷史,有好多分支/風格,是中國傳統文化的重要組成部分。

14. High speed railroad is introduced in 2004. With the generous funding from the government, it is rapidly expanding.

2004 年,高鐵被引入;政府大力支持,發展很快。

15. Sth is familiar to everyone, about which however people’s opinions differ.

大家都很熟悉…,但是對于…仁者見仁。

16. Honor the aged of other family as we honor our own; Care for the children of other family as we care for our own.

老吾老以及人之老,幼吾幼以及人之幼。

17. Respecting the aged and loving the young,a the traditional Chinese virtue, has been regarded as the social responsibility and behavior norm for thousands years.

千百年來,尊老愛幼這一中華民族的傳統美德,被當做是社會責任和行為規范。

Filial Piety, a Chinese traditional virtue, is central to Confucian role ethics.

孝道是中國的傳統美德,被認為是儒家角色倫理的核心。

18. Learning without thinking leads to confusion; thinking without learning ends in danger.

學而不思則罔,思而不學則殆。

19. Chinese characters evolve from pictures and signs. The style of the calligraphers symbolize their age.

漢字由圖畫和符號演變而來。書法家的風格代表了他們的時代。

20. China is the birthplace of ...

中國是…的故鄉

附錄:2020年 9月四六級作文中一定能用到的語料:

1. 生活時間角度

(1) We have been always considering sth (recreational activities) as something to relax ourselves or something that can add color to the dull routine of everyday life.

我們一直認為娛樂活動可以讓我們放松,可以為我們每天枯燥的生活增添一些色彩。

(2) Sth will make our life more enjoyable, that is to say, sth can add color to the dull routine of everyday life.

Sth 可以使我們的生活更加有樂趣,也就是說,sth 為我們每天枯燥的生活增添了一些色彩。

(3) For the majority of people, (reading or learning a new skill)/(reading news from the weibo or learning moments of their friends on the Wechat) has become the focus of their lives and the source of their happiness and contentment in this modern society.

對大多數人來講,(閱讀或學習一項新技術)(從微信里面了解朋友圈動態)已成為他們生活的中心和快樂的來源

(4) Furthermore, students visiting their own home frequently would have more accesses and opportunities to communicate with their parents, which have beneficial impact on development of their personal character.

而且,學生?;丶矣懈鄼C會和父母交流,這對他們個性的培養是有利的。

(5) Sth, by occupying spare time so constructively, makes a person contented, with no time for boredom. Sth 很有建設意義地占據了人們的空余時間,使得人們很滿足,進而沒有時間來覺得無聊。

( 6 ) Sth does not occupy students’ too much time. In fact, it is unhealthy for them to spend all of time on their study. As an old saying goes: All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy.

Sth 不會占據學生太多的時間.實際上讓他們把所有的時間都花在學習上也是不健康的,就如一句俗話所說:勞逸結合。

(7)What’ s more, online shopping can save us a great deal of time on the way between home and the department stores, so we would be able to concentrate more time and energy on our meaningful work.

而且,在線購物能節省大量往返于家的商店路上的時間,這會使我們有更多的時間和精力放在有意義的工作上。

2. 知識經驗角度

(1) Little by little, our knowledge will be well enriched, and our horizons will be greatly broadened.

逐漸的,我們的知識會得到增加,我們的視野將會大大的拓寬。

(2) For people who want to adopt a healthy and meaningful life style, it is important to find time to learn certain new knowledge. Just as an old saying goes: it is never too late to learn.

對于那些想過上健康而有意義的生活的人們來說,找時間學習一些新知識是很重要的,正如那句老話: 活到老,學到老

(3) The majority of students believe that part-time job will provide them with more opportunities to develop their interpersonal skills, which may put them in a favorable position in the future job markets.

大部分學生相信業余工作會使他們有更多機會發展人際交往能力,而這對他們未來找工作是非常有好處的。

(4) Additional educational activities enjoy obvious advantage. By extra studies, many maintain, youngsters are able to obtain many kinds of practical skills and useful knowledge, which will put them in a beneficial position in the future job markets.

額外的教育活動有許多優點,通過學習,年輕人可以獲得很多實踐技能和有用的知識,這些對他們就業是大有好處的。

(5) By taking a major-related part-job, students can not only improve their academic studies, but gain much experience, experience they will never be able to get from the textbooks.

通過做一份和專業相關的工作,學生不僅能夠提高他們的專業能力,而且能獲得從課本上得不到的經驗。

(6) Now people in growing numbers are beginning to believe that learning new skills and knowledge contributes directly to enhancing their job opportunities or promotion opportunities.

現在越來越多的人開始相信學習新的技術和知識能直接幫助他們獲得工作就會或提升的機會。

(7) In the first place, extra studies bring about unhealthy impacts on physical growth of children. Educational experts point out that, it is equally important to take some sport activities instead of extra studies when children have spent the whole day in a boring classroom.

首先,額外的學習對孩子們的身體發育是不利的。教育專家指出,孩子們在枯燥的教室里呆了一整天后,從事一些體育活動,而不是額外的學習,是非常重要的。

3. 身心健康角度

(1) Now people in growing numbers are beginning to believe that some certain sports contribute directly to our health by giving us some physical exercises.

現在越來越多的人開始相信體育鍛煉能有助于身體健康。

(2) As a matter of fact, travel has become part of our life. This situation is encouraging, for it not only broadens people's minds to the extend which may not be reached previously, but also relaxes them physically, which help people conquer mental problems more actively.

實際上,旅行已經成為我們生活的一個部分,這樣的情形是喜人的,因為旅行不僅可以拓寬人們的視野達到之前沒有達到的范圍,而且還可以在身體上得到放松,這能使人們更加積極的克服心理問題。

(5)…Under considerable pressure from… therefore…will only add to their burden.

在這樣的壓力之下,所以會增加他們的負擔。

(6)I see three kinds of pressure working on people today: pressure from education, family and career. It is easy to blame the school for charging too much money, the family members for the heavy burden, the society for the fierce competition. I think people should relax. It is important for them to keep a good mood under whatever circumstances.

我能看到今天人們身上的三種壓力,教育的壓力,家庭和職業的壓力。學校所收學費太貴,家庭成員

負擔過重,來自社會的激烈競爭。我認為人們應該放松,他們來說,在任何環境下保持一個好的情緒是很重要的。

(7)Moreover, children will have less time to play and communicate with their peers due to extra studies, consequently, it is difficult to develop and cultivate their character and interpersonal skills. They may become more solitary and even suffer from certain mental illness.

而且,由于要額外地學習,孩子們沒有多少時間和同齡的孩子玩耍和交流,很難培養他們的個性和交際能力。他們可能變得孤僻甚至產生某些心理疾病。

4. 科技環境角度

(1) In the last decades, advances in mobile Internet technology have made it possible for people to enjoy the more convenient life style.

在過去的幾十年,移動互聯技術的進步就使得人們享受更方便的生活方式成為可能。

(2) Admittedly, the policy of garbage separation has made it possible for the public to realize the importance of environmental protection and enable our citizens to cherish the beauty of our communities.

可以承認,垃圾分類這一政策已經使得公眾認識到環境保護的重要性,并且使得我們的市民去珍惜我們美麗的社區。

(3) Although many people claim that, along with the rapid economic development, the number of people who use bicycle is decreasing and bicycle is bound to die out. The awareness of environmental preservation and the new form of shared economy will revive the use of bicycle and change our way of life.

雖然很多人承認,隨著經濟的快速發展,使用自行車的人數正在下降,自行車一定會消失。但環境保護意識會使自行車重新煥發生機,并改變我們的生活方式。

(4) Pollution poses a great threat to our existence.

污染對我們的生存造成巨大威脅。

Some of the…are poisonous and dangerous to health.

(5) Environmental experts point out that increasing pollution not only causes serious problems such as global warming but also could directly threaten the quality of our lives.

環境學家指出:持續增加的污染不僅會導致像全球變暖這樣嚴重的問題,而且還將威脅到我們的生活質量。

5. 成長成功

(1) Most people are under the illusion that a college degree guarantees success. There is no such guarantee without hard work.

許多人錯誤地認為大學學位能保證成功。不努力工作就沒有這樣的保證。

(2) While the inclination to procrastinate is common, one must fully consider the detrimental impact of unnecessary delays.

雖然拖延的傾向是普遍的,但是人們應該充分考慮到不必要的延誤造成的有害影響。

(3) The tendency to take things for granted is understandable, but the need for one to rationally evaluate the circumstances of any situation is absolutely essential.

想當然的傾向是可以理解的,但是,理智地估計任何情形的情況是完全必需的。

(4) From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw a conclusion that, although the parents' desire to look after children by themselves is understandable, its disadvantages far outweigh the advantages.

通過以上討論,我們可以得出如下結論:盡管家長想親自照看孩子的愿望是可以理解的,但是這樣做的缺點遠大于優點。

(5) From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion that, although extra studies indeed enjoy many obvious advantages, its disadvantages shouldn't be ignored and far outweigh its advantages. It is absurd to force children to take extra studies after school.

通過以上討論,我們可以得出結論:盡管額外學習的確有很多優點,但它的缺點不可忽視,且遠大于它的優點。因此,放學后強迫孩子額外學習是不明智的。(結論句式)

(6) While achieving success is easier said than done, perseverance does in fact pay off. One of the most important traits of a successful person is self-confidence, another is desire, and still another is determination.

獲得成功說起來比做起來容易,然而堅持不懈確實會有好結果。成功人士的最重要的特征之一是自信, 第二是渴望,還有一個是決心。

(7) Independence offers many advantages, the first and foremost of which is self-determination.

獨立帶來很多好處,首先也是最重要的是自決

(8) The most obvious and undisputable advantage of having different friend is that you can enjoy more kinds of amusement.

交不同的朋友,最明顯和毫無爭議的好處在于你能參加不同的娛樂活動。

(9) Most people are of the opinion that wealth provides solutions to all problems. But in spite of the material benefits wealth provides , I believe one should abandon the pursuit of materialism and instead concentrate on the pursuit of happiness.

大多數人認為財富為所有問題提供解決的辦法。但是,我認為,盡管財富提供物質上的利益,一個人應該放棄物質至上的追求,而是集中精力追求幸福。

(10) sth can give students team-spirit and teach them how to cooperate with others. Because in those activities, students usually need to cooperate with others in order to get good achievement.

Sth 可以賦予學生們團隊精神,并教會他們學會與人合作。因為在這些活動中,學生通常需要相互合作目的是得到提高。

6. 社會宏觀

(1) We needs to reexamine the results of technology development in order to ascertain the benefits and indeed

(表示加強含義) the detrimental aspects from a new perspective. Otherwise, various perceived accomplishments might in fact prove to be far from beneficial .

我們需要重新檢查科技發展帶來的結果以便從新的角度明確它們的好處,甚至是有害的方面。否則, 許多我們以為取得的成就實際上可能完全不會帶來好處。

(2) We must avoid overindulgence and conspicuous consumption . We must instead continue to recognize the benefits of thrift in order to protect our newfound prosperity.

我們必須避免過分放縱和鋪張浪費。相反,我們應該繼續發揚節儉的優點以守護我們新獲得的繁榮。

(3) Many of the explanations offered thus far are at least to a certain extent valid, but none fully address the problem and the issue must be examined in a wider context.

目前提供的許多解釋至少在一定程度上是正確的,但是,沒有一個解釋能完全處理問題,這件事情必須放在更廣闊的背景中考慮。

(4) There is little doubt that immediate action is required to eliminate the detrimental aspects of environmental pollution once and forever.

毫無疑問,必須立即采取行動徹底消除環境污染的危害

(5) Some months ago , a friend of mine was killed in a tragic automobile accident involving a drunk driver .

The incident was far from rare , and was in fact typical of thousands of cases involving drunk driving

幾個月前,我的一個朋友死于一場與酒后駕車有關的悲慘車禍。這件事情一點兒也不罕見,事實上是數以千計的酒后駕車案例的典型之一。

(6) It is high time we put an end to the deplorable practice of food contamination .

我們早該杜絕食品污染這種應遭譴責的做法。

(7) The most striking conclusion that can be reached when weighing the advantages and disadvantages of the new technology, such as smart phone and the like is quite frankly prosperity.

很坦率地說,在權衡新技術(比如智能手機)時候,能得出的最顯著的結論是繁榮。

(8) The ample evidence presented enables us to reasonably conclude that the scourge of haze will be brought under control in the foreseeable future.

提出的充分證據使我們能夠合理地得出這樣的結論:霧霾的禍害在可預見的將來就能得到控制。

(9) Today, a large amount of tradition has gradually disappeared, for instance stamp collecting.

現在,許多傳統的愛好在逐步消失,例如集郵。

功能句式集結:

圖畫作文

第一段

第一句:簡單描述圖畫;

As is shown above, 中心人物+動作. 第二句:圖畫造成影響;

There has been a heated discussion about this picture on the WeChat, the most influential social media in China.

第三句:指出圖畫寓意;

1. The picture shows us that….

2.

第二段

Simple and funny as this picture is, the symbolic meaning behind it is as deep as ocean.

第一種寫法:

第一句:介紹主題背景

1. Recently the issue of (whether …or not) has been in the limelight(成為引人注目的中心) and has aroused wide concern in the public.

近來, 的問題已經非常明確而且引起了社會的廣泛關注。

2. Along with the advance of the society more and more problems are brought to our attention, one of which is ....

隨著社會的不斷發展,出現了越來越多的問題,其中之一便是 。

3. Recently, the issue of has been brought into public focus.

近來, 的問題引起了社會的廣泛關注。第二句:分析利弊

On the one hand,… On the other hand …

第二種寫法:

第一句:介紹各方觀點

1. There is no consensus of opinions among people as to … some people tend to have a favorable attitude toward…While, others have an unpleasant association with…

2. Most of us ,however,have formed a different picture of…some people think they are beneficial, while others hold the opposite view.

第二句:進一步介紹

1. And we rarely reach an absolute consensus on such a controversial issue.

對于這種極具爭議的話題,我們很難作出絕對的回答。

2. People from different backgrounds would put different interpretations on the same case.

不同行業的人對同一種問題的解釋不盡相同。

harbor the idea that, take the attitude that,

第三段

hold the view that, 認為

給出自己看法:

1. Perhaps there is an element of truth in both these pictures.

2. As far as I am concerned, I am inclined to be on the side of the former view.

在我看來,我較同意前一種觀點。

3. After a thorough consideration, for my part, I am in favor of the former view.

經過深思熟慮,我較支持前一種看法

A problem of modern society is the declining level of health in the general population, with conflicting views on how to tackle this worrying trend.

現代社會的一個問題在于整體人口健康狀況的下降,而如何應對這一問題觀點各不相同。

A problem of today youngster’s growth is the lack of independence, with various views on how to tackle this worrying trend.

A problem of modern society is the overuse of digital device and the overload of information, with conflicting views on how to tackle this worrying trend.

圖表作文: 開頭句式: 一.變化句式:

1. The graph shows how the number of museums and the people visited them changed between 2011 and 2016.We can clearly see a dramatic increase of both.

2. The number of the students taking part-time jobs increase slightly from the first year to the third year, as is clearly demonstrated in the chart above

3. What is clearly presented in the chart above is that the number of rural and urban population in China witnessed some changes during the past decades.

二.占比句式:

1. Portrayed in the above pie chart is a survey about college students’ purpose of travelling.

The number of students who take journey as a pretty opportunity to enjoy the natural beauty accounts for 37%.Meanwhile, those who deem travel as their way to relieve pressure take up 33%.

2. As is shown above, the chart illustrates the job satisfaction of the staff in a company. We can notice that people in the age group of 45 to 50 are least satisfied with their jobs, accounting for 64%, while those who are over 50 years old, being satisfied with their present situation most, occupy approximately 40%.

中間句式:

1. What accounts for this phenomenon? I can think of no better reasons for the phenomenon other than the following two

2. The following factors, from where I stand, are responsible for this phenomenon.

3. Obviously, a variety of complicated factors contribute to the situation, with the following two being the foremost.

結尾句式:

1. To sum up, it’s predictable that this trend will continue in the future from the perspective of what has been discussed above.

2. In a nutshell, from what we have discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion that travelling performs an indispensable role in the perspective of university students.

3. In a word, from the analysis above, this trend may not stop in a short period of time. We should fully use the benefits and the advantages brought by this tendency/phenomenon and guard against the possible adverse effects caused by it. Only in this way can we hope to see a reasonable and rational scene in which people can enjoy their life to the utmost.

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